Objective: Increasing experience and improving technology have led to the expansion of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). We investigated whether the 5-year survival after both EVAR and open repair for ruptured AAA changed over the last 14 years. Methods: We identified repairs for ruptured infrarenal AAA within the Vascular Quality Initiative registry between 2004 and 2018. We compared the 5-year survival of both EVAR and open repair between the early (2004-2012) and late (2013-2018) cohorts. In addition, we compared EVAR with open repair in the early and late cohorts. We used propensity score modeling to create matching cohorts for each analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate survival proportions and univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to compare differences in hazard of mortality in the matched cohorts. Results: We identified 4638 ruptured AAA repairs. This included 409 EVARs in the early cohort and 2250 in the late cohort, as well as 558 open repairs in the early cohort and 1421 in the late cohort. Propensity matching resulted in 366 matched pairs of late vs early EVAR and 391 matched-pairs of late vs early open repair. When comparing EVAR with open repair, propensity matching resulted in 277 matched pairs of early EVAR versus open, and 1177 matched pairs of late EVAR versus open. In matched EVAR patients, 5-year survival was higher in the late cohort (63% vs 49%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-0.97; P = .027), whereas there was no difference between matched late vs early for open repair patients (52% vs 59%; HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.85-1.28; P = .69). In the early cohort, there was no survival difference between EVAR and open repair (51% vs 46%; HR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .28). However, in the late cohort EVAR was associated with higher survival compared with open repair (63% vs 54%; HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.60-0.79; P < .001). Conclusions: The 5-year survival after EVAR for ruptured AAA has improved over time, whereas survival after open repair remained constant. Consequently, the relative survival benefit of EVAR over open repair has increased over time, which should encourage further adoption of EVAR for ruptured AAA.
Varkevisser, R. R. B., Swerdlow, N. J., de Guerre, L. E. V. M., Dansey, K., Stangenberg, L., Giles, K. A., … Schermerhorn, M. L. (2020). Five-year survival following endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms is improving. In Journal of Vascular Surgery (Vol. 72, pp. 105-113.e4). Mosby Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.10.074