It has been long known that wildlife management is often more about working with people than with wildlife (Gilbert 1971). Much of this people management occurs as top down conservation measures codified in rules, regulations, and laws. When such measures are enforced, or when there is an absence thereof, both people and wildlife can be affected; this has the potential to give rise to conflict about these measures to conserve wildlife. Such conservation conflicts have the potential to be as widespread as they are varied, and have proven difficult to resolve. It is also clear that conservation conflicts that involve wildlife will escalate both in number and intensity in the future because of rising human population and resource use (Redpath et al. 2015).
Mateo, R., Lacorte, S., & Taggart, M. A. (2016). An Overview of Recent Trends in Wildlife Ecotoxicology (pp. 125–150). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27912-1_6