Effect of Nitrate on Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation of Soybean

  • Ohyama T
  • Fujikake H
  • Yashima H
  • et al.
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Abstract

Biological nitrogen fixation and nitrogen nutrition in soybean plants Biological nitrogen fixation is one of the most important processes for ecosystem to access available N for all living organisms. Although N2 consists 78% of atmosphere, but the triple bond between two N atoms is very stable, and only a few group of prokaryotes can fix N2 to ammonia by the enzyme nitrogenase. Annual rate of natural nitrogen fixation is estimated about 232 x 106 t, and the 97% depends on biological nitrogen fixation (Bloom, 2011). This exceeds the rate of chemical nitrogen fertilizer uses about 100 x 106 t in 2009. Soybean can use N2, though symbiosis with nitrogen fixing soil bacteria, rhizobia, to make root nodules for harboring them. Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) is a major grain legume crop for feeding humans and livestock. It serves as an important oil and protein source for large population residing in Asia and the American continents. The current global soybean production was 231 x 106 t in 2008 (FAOSTAT). It is a crop predominantly cultivated in U.S.A., Brazil, Argentina and China, which together contribute nearly 87 percent of the total world produce in 2008. Soybean has become the raw materials for diversity of agricultural and industrial uses. Soybean

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Ohyama, T., Fujikake, H., Yashima, H., Tanabata, S., Ishikawa, S., Sato, T., … Fujimaki, S. (2011). Effect of Nitrate on Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation of Soybean. In Soybean Physiology and Biochemistry. InTech. https://doi.org/10.5772/17992

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