Using phytoremediation as an efficient technique to remove heavy metals from contaminated soils is a current research hotspot. This study used an orthogonal matrix experimental design with three factors (Cd, Pb, and pH) and five levels (Cd at 9.45, 30, 60, 90, and 110.46 µg/g; Pb at 195.4, 400, 700, 1000, and 1204.6 µg/g; and pH at 3, 4.1, 5.8, 7.5, and 8.6) to investigate the phytoremediation potential of Panicum virgatum L. for soils polluted with cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). The results indicated that there was a significant decrease in belowground biomass in plants exposed to the stresses compared to the control. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, peroxidase (POD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were affected. Interaction of Cd with Pb in the soil had an antagonistic effect on the Cd bioaccumulation factor, whereas the interaction of pH with Cd or Pb had synergistic effects on the Cd bioaccumulation factor. When exposed to the three stressors, switchgrass plants could grow in soil that had a Cd concentration of a 46.68 µg/g, Pb concentration of 568.75 µg/g and pH of 5.34, which is a mildly acidic condition. Switchgrass, used as a phytoremediation plant, was more efficient in Cd-contaminated than in Pb-contaminated soil.
Guo, Z., Gao, Y., Cao, X., Jiang, W., Liu, X., Liu, Q., … Wang, Q. (2019). Phytoremediation of Cd and Pb interactive polluted soils by switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). International Journal of Phytoremediation, 21(14), 1486–1496. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2019.1644285