Performance of machine learning software to classify breast lesions using BI-RADS radiomic features on ultrasound images

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to evaluate computable Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) radiomic features to classify breast masses on ultrasound B-mode images. METHODS: The database consisted of 206 consecutive lesions (144 benign and 62 malignant) proved by percutaneous biopsy in a prospective study approved by the local ethical committee. A radiologist manually delineated the contour of the lesions on greyscale images. We extracted the main ten radiomic features based on the BI-RADS lexicon and classified the lesions as benign or malignant using a bottom-up approach for five machine learning (ML) methods: multilayer perceptron (MLP), decision tree (DT), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), random forest (RF), and support vector machine (SVM). We performed a 10-fold cross validation for training and testing of all classifiers. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used for providing the area under the curve with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: The classifier with the highest AUC at ROC analysis was SVM (AUC = 0.840, 95% CI 0.6667-0.9762), with 71.4% sensitivity (95% CI 0.6479-0.8616) and 76.9% specificity (95% CI 0.6148-0.8228). The best AUC for each method was 0.744 (95% CI 0.677-0.774) for DT, 0.818 (95% CI 0.6667-0.9444) for LDA, 0.811 (95% CI 0.710-0.892) for RF, and 0.806 (95% CI 0.677-0.839) for MLP. Lesion margin and orientation were the optimal features for all the machine learning methods. CONCLUSIONS: ML can aid the distinction between benign and malignant breast lesion on ultrasound images using quantified BI-RADS descriptors. SVM provided the highest ROC-AUC (0.840).

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Fleury, E., & Marcomini, K. (2019). Performance of machine learning software to classify breast lesions using BI-RADS radiomic features on ultrasound images. European Radiology Experimental, 3(1), 34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41747-019-0112-7

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