Analysis of effectiveness of a surgical treatment algorithm for basal cell carcinoma

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Abstract

Background: Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for basal cell carcinoma and micrographic surgery considered the gold standard, however not yet used routinely worldwide available, as in Brazil. Considering this, a previously developed treatment guideline, which the majority of tumors were treated by conventional technique (not micrographic) was tested . Objective: To establish the recurrence rate of basal cell carcinomas treated according to this guideline. Method: Between May 2001 and July 2012, 919 basal cell carcinoma lesions in 410 patients were treated according to the proposed guideline. Patients were followed-up and reviewed between September 2013 and February 2014 for clinical, dermatoscopic and histopathologic detection of possible recurrences. Results: After application of exclusion criteria, 520 lesions were studied, with 88.3% primary and 11.7% recurrent tumors. Histological pattern was indolent in 85.5%, 48.6% were located in high risk areas and 70% small tumors. Only 7.3% were treated by Mohs micrographic surgery. The recurrence rate, in an average follow-up period of 4.37 years, was 1.3% for primary and 1.63% for recurrent tumors. Study limitations: unicenter study, with all patients operated on by the same surgeon. Conclusion: The treatment guideline utilized seems a helpful guide for surgical treatment of basal cell carcinoma, especially if micrographic surgery is not available.

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Luz, F. B., Ferron, C., & Cardoso, G. P. (2016). Analysis of effectiveness of a surgical treatment algorithm for basal cell carcinoma. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, 91(6), 726–731. https://doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20165919

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