Background: The compound 9-(2′-hydroxyethylamino)-4-methyl-1-nitroacridine (C-1748), the promising antitumor agent developed in our laboratory was determined to undergo phase I metabolic pathways. The present studies aimed to know its biotransformation with phase II enzymes – UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) and its potential to be engaged in drug-drug interactions arising from the modulation of UGT activity. Methods: UGT-mediated transformations with rat liver (RLM), human liver (HLM), and human intestine (HIM) microsomes and with 10 recombinant human isoenzymes were investigated. Studies on the ability of C-1748 to inhibit UGT were performed with HLM, HT29 colorectal cancer cell homogenate and the selected recombinant UGT isoenzymes. The reactions were monitored using HPLC-UV/Vis method and the C-1748 metabolite structure was determined with ESI-TOF-MS/MS analysis. Results: Pseudo-molecular ion (m/z 474.1554) and the experiment with β-glucuronidase indicated that O-glucuronide of C-1748 was formed in the presence of microsomal fractions. This reaction was selectively catalyzed by UGT2B7 and 2B17. High inhibitory effect of C-1748 was shown towards isoenzyme UGT1A9 (IC50 = 39.7 μM) and significant but low inhibitory potential was expressed in HT29 cell homogenate (IC50 = 84.5 μM). The mixed-type inhibition mechanism (Ki = 17.0 μM; Ki’ = 81.0 μM), induced by C-1748 was observed for recombinant UGT1A9 glucuronidation, whereas HT29 cell homogenate resulted in noncompetitive inhibition (Ki = 94.6 μM). Conclusions: The observed UGT-mediated metabolism of C-1748 and its ability to inhibit UGT activity should be considered as the potency for drug resistance and drug-drug interactions in the prospective multidrug therapy.
Mróz, A., Ryska, I., Sominko, H., Bejrowska, A., & Mazerska, Z. (2018). Drug-drug interaction potential of antitumor acridine agent C-1748: The substrate of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases 2B7, 2B17 and the inhibitor of 1A9 and 2B7. Pharmacological Reports, 70(5), 972–980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pharep.2018.03.007