Influence of oxidative stress and obesity in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

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Abstract

Background - Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is considered the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and it is particularly associated to the insulin resistance, hypertension, obesity and abnormalities in lipid and glucose metabolism. Objective - Considering the importance of obesity and oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, this study aimed to evaluate the presence and association of the obesity and oxidative stress in this pathology. Methods - Fifteen outpatients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis group), diagnosed according to the histopathological findings from the liver biopsy, and 15 body mass index-matched subjects (non nonalcoholic steatohepatitis group) without nonalcoholic steatohepatitis were included. All volunteers were registered in a Brazilian University Hospital. Nutritional assessment (weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference) and biochemical analysis (fasting glucose, liver enzymes, lipid profile, leptin, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, vitamins C and E, catalase and 8-isoprostane) were performed for all the participants. The student t test was used for statistical analysis, with P<0.05 as the significant factor. Results - Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis patients had higher fasting glucose, hepatic enzymes (serum aspartate aminotransaminase, alanine aminotransaminase, gamma glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase), triglycerides and superoxide dismutase and lower glutathione peroxidase values than non nonalcoholic steatohepatitis individuals. Conclusion - This paper demonstrates that only the presence of obesity is not enough to trigger alterations in all the studied biomarkers. Despite the majority of oxidative stress markers being found to be similar in both conditions, the nonalcoholic steatohepatitis subjects could be slightly more affected than the non nonalcoholic steatohepatitis individuals.

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Leghi, G. E., Domenici, F. A., & Vannucchi, H. (2015). Influence of oxidative stress and obesity in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Arquivos de Gastroenterologia, 52(3), 228–233. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032015000300014

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