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Background: Red blood cell alloimmunization in pregnancy can lead to fetal anaemia with potentially disastrous consequences. Traditional management involves the use of intrauterine transfusion, which is associated with significant procedure-related risks. An alternative treatment that has been trialled is the use of immunoglobulin administered intravenously to the mother. Objectives: The objective of this review was to assess the efficacy and safety of the use of intravenous immunoglobulin antenatally to women with severe fetal red blood cell alloimmunization. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (19 December 2012), and reference lists of articles. Selection criteria: Randomized trials assessing the antenatal use of intravenous immunoglobulin administered at any dose, frequency or duration with a control group (using any other, or no treatment) in the management of fetal red blood cell alloimmunization. Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently assessed the available evidence. Main results: There are no included studies. Authors' conclusions: No information is available from randomized trials to indicate whether the antenatal use of intravenous immunoglobulin is effective in the management of fetal red blood cell alloimmunization. Several case series suggest a beneficial role in delaying the onset of fetal anaemia requiring invasive intrauterine transfusion.
Wong, K. S., Connan, K., Rowlands, S., Kornman, L. H., & Savoia, H. F. (2013, May 31). Antenatal immunoglobulin for fetal red blood cell alloimmunization. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD008267.pub2