Single-cell transcriptomics of peripheral blood in the aging mouse

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Compositional and transcriptional changes in the hematopoietic system have been used as biomarkers of immunosenescence and aging. Here, we use single-cell RNA-sequencing to study the aging peripheral blood in mice and characterize the changes in cell-type composition and transcriptional profiles associated with age. We identified 17 clusters from a total of 14,588 single cells. We detected a general upregulation of antigen processing and presentation and chemokine signaling pathways and a downregulation of genes involved in ribosome pathways with age. In old peripheral blood, we also observed an increased percentage of cells expressing senescence markers (Cdkn1a, and Cdkn2a). In addition, we detected a cluster of activated T cells exclusively found in old blood, with lower expression of Cd28 and higher expression of Bcl2 and Cdkn2a, suggesting that the cells are senescent and resistant to apoptosis




Teo, Y. V., Hinthorn, S. J., Webb, A. E., & Neretti, N. (2023). Single-cell transcriptomics of peripheral blood in the aging mouse. Aging, 15(1), 6–20.

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