Deflection behaviour of RC beams using reshaped waste tyre rubber as partial replacement of coarse aggregate

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The increasing demand of natural resources for the concrete production has impacted the surroundings and the concern to protect these natural resources is increasing. Lately, handling and management of scrap is the primary issue faced by the countries worldwide. The waste problem is the most important problems facing the world as a source of the environmental pollution. One of the censorious wastes to be control in today is ‘waste tyre’ because; recent development in transportation has create big number of vehicles, which produce huge quantities of used tyres. Disposing such waste tyres is a critical waste management concern around the world at the moment. Various research work had been conducted in the past which had results that showed reduction in the mechanical energy of the concrete. The motive of this study is to use the reshaped waste tyre rubber as partial alteration of coarse aggregate in the concrete and to examine the outcome of providing an mooring hole of10mm in dia on the surface of the rubber gravel which makes the cement plaster to form a cylindrical mooring between the gravel and the concrete as well work as are bar to the rubber gravel thereby, increase withstanding power to failure under load which simultaneously increase the strength. The partial replacements of coarse aggregates are done at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% by quantity of coarse gravel. The resulting concrete beams are tested for the physical characteristics of concrete. The Comparison of flexural response of beams are made with ordinary Portland cement concrete (OPCC)and Reshaped Waste Tyre Rubber Aggregate Concrete (RWTRAC)for various compositions of Reshaped Waste Tyre Rubber Aggregate replacement to coarse aggregate. Consequently the tests on RWTRAC beams of 10 % rubber aggregate replacement are conducted and results indicated that all the beams are failed in pure bending region and gives deflection nearly same as the conventional beam with the influence of the ultimate moment. Based on the observations during testing, the beams failed in pure flexural compression failure mode. Ductility factor of RWTRAC beam also showed enhanced performance when compared with the performance of conventional concrete. After testing it is inferred that till 10% of RWTRA replacement, the compressive and flexural strength of concrete is nearly same as the conventional concrete, but from 10 to 20% the strengths are abruptly fallen.




Harikaran, M., & Balasundaram, N. (2019). Deflection behaviour of RC beams using reshaped waste tyre rubber as partial replacement of coarse aggregate. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(2), 4392–4395.

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