Morphological alterations of the corpus callosum in antipsychotic-naive first-episode schizophrenia before and 1-year after treatment

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Abstract

Objective: The corpus callosum (CC) is known to be altered in patients with schizophrenia. However, its morphologic characteristics are less well studied in treatment-naive first-episode schizophrenia patients, as is the effect of antipsychotic treatment on this structure. Methods: T-1 weighted MRI scans were obtained from 160 antipsychotic-naïve first-episode schizophrenia patients (AN-FES) and 155 healthy controls (HCs) before treatment initiation. Among the patients, forty-four were available for follow-up studies after one year of antipsychotic treatment, and were divided into good-outcome (n = 31) and poor-outcome subgroups (n = 13) based on whether there was a 50% reduction in Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) total scores from baseline. A computer algorithm was applied to automatically identify the mid-sagittal plane (MSP) and obtain morphological measurement parameters of the CC. Results: Compared with HCs, AN-FES patients showed a significant reduction of thickness in the posterior midbody of the CC. This deficit was correlated with severity of negative symptoms. After one year of antipsychotic treatment, there was no significant change in CC morphological measurements in schizophrenia patients, nor was there a significant difference of CC morphological measurements between good-outcome and poor-outcome subgroups at baseline or at 1-year follow-up. Conclusion: Thickness of the posterior midbody of the CC is reduced in the early course of schizophrenia before treatment. This alteration was not affected by antipsychotic treatment and was unrelated to treatment outcome at 1-year.

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Tao, B., Xiao, Y., Yang, B., Zeng, J., Zhang, W., Hu, N., … Lui, S. (2021). Morphological alterations of the corpus callosum in antipsychotic-naive first-episode schizophrenia before and 1-year after treatment. Schizophrenia Research, 231, 115–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2021.03.015

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