Long-Term Follow-Up of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

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Background and Summary: Thanks to increasing cure rates to currently >80%, children, adolescents, and young adults (CAYA) survive their cancer much more frequently today than decades ago. Due to their long life expectancy, CAYA cancer survivors are at a particular risk of long-term sequelae from the cancer itself or the therapy applied; this requires specific follow-up, and preventative or even therapeutic interventions. Thus, compared to the normal population, morbidity and mortality may be significantly increased. In 2 of 3 survivors, the cancer and the respective treatment can lead to late effects, even after 30 years, which require specific therapy; in about one-third of these cases, these effects are classed as severe. Applying structured follow-up could identify these late effects at an early stage and initiate immediate treatment. In 2018, a working group dealing with long-term survival after cancer detected <40 years of age was founded within the framework of the National Cancer Plan of the German Federal Ministry of Health.




Hilgendorf, I., Bergelt, C., Bokemeyer, C., Kaatsch, P., Seifart, U., Stein, A., & Langer, T. (2021, March 1). Long-Term Follow-Up of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adult Cancer Survivors. Oncology Research and Treatment. S. Karger AG. https://doi.org/10.1159/000514381

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