History of ancient copper smelting pollution during Roman and medieval times recorded in Greenland ice

261Citations
Citations of this article
161Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
Get full text

Abstract

Determination of copper concentrations in Greenland ice dated from seven millennia ago to the present showed values exceeding natural levels, beginning about 2500 years ago. This early large-scale pollution of the atmosphere of the Northern Hemisphere is attributed to emissions from the crude, highly polluting smelting technologies used for copper production during Roman and medieval times, especially in Europe and China. This study opens the way to a quantitative assessment of the history of early metal production, which was instrumental in the development of human cultures during ancient eras.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Hong, S., Candelone, J. P., Patterson, C. C., & Boutron, C. F. (1996). History of ancient copper smelting pollution during Roman and medieval times recorded in Greenland ice. Science, 272(5259), 246–249. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.272.5259.246

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free