An Investigation Into Voluntary Occupational Turnover of Sport Employees Using the Transtheoretical Model of Change

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Abstract

Voluntary occupational turnover is rampant within the economy and, thus, a timely line of inquiry within sport management. However, sport management literature has primarily explored turnover intentions rather than the realized experience of voluntary occupational turnover. Thus, the purpose of this study was to understand sport management employees’ experiences of voluntary occupational turnover using the Transtheoretical Model of Change as a guiding theoretical framework. Interpretative qualitative inquiry guided the research design with 12 former Division I swimming coaches. Findings illustrated themes aligning with the Transtheoretical Model of Change. However, an additional theme was identified: the tipping point, occurring between contemplation and preparation when a discernible event occurred which prompted the participant to move from contemplation to preparation. This study further extends the Transtheoretical Model of Change and its applicability within sport while providing implications regarding the retention of sport management employees.

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Saxe, K., Beasley, L., Taylor, E., & Hardin, R. (2023). An Investigation Into Voluntary Occupational Turnover of Sport Employees Using the Transtheoretical Model of Change. Journal of Sport Management, 37(4), 256–271. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsm.2022-0066

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