Changes in medical students´ and anesthesia technician trainees´ attitudes towards interprofessionality – experience from an interprofessional simulation-based course

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Abstract

Background: Interprofessional simulation based education (IPSBE) programs positively impact participants' attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration and learning. However, the extent to which students in different health professions benefit and the underlying reasons for this are subject of ongoing debate. Methods: We developed a 14-h IPSBE course with scenarios of critical incidents or emergency cases. Participants were final year medical students (FYMS) and final year anesthesia technician trainees (FYATT). To assess attitudes towards interprofessionalism, the University of the West of England Interprofessional Questionnaire was administrated before and after the course. Using focus group illustration maps, qualitative data were obtained from a subcohort of the participants (n = 15). Results: After the course, self-assessment of communication and teamwork skills, attitudes towards interprofessional interactions and relationships showed comparative improvement in both professions. Attitudes towards interprofessional learning improved only in FYMS. Qualitative data revealed teamwork, communication, hierarchy and the perception of one’s own and other health profession as main topics that might underlie the changes in participants’ attitudes. An important factor was that participants got to know each other during the course and understood each other's tasks. Conclusions: Since adequate communication and teamwork skills and positive attitudes towards interprofessionality account to effective interprofessional collaboration, our data support intensifying IPSBE in undergraduate health care education.

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Becker, V., Jedlicska, N., Scheide, L., Nest, A., Kratzer, S., Hinzmann, D., … Haseneder, R. (2022). Changes in medical students´ and anesthesia technician trainees´ attitudes towards interprofessionality – experience from an interprofessional simulation-based course. BMC Medical Education, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-022-03350-6

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