Genome-wide alternative splicing profile in the posterior kidney of brown trout (Salmo trutta) during proliferative kidney disease

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Abstract

Background: The cnidarian myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae causes chronic proliferative kidney disease (PKD) in salmonids. This parasite is a serious threat to wild and cultured salmonids. T. bryosalmonae undergoes intra-luminal sporogonic development in the kidney of brown trout (Salmo trutta) and the viable spores are released via urine. We investigated the alternative splicing pattern in the posterior kidney of brown trout during PKD. Results: RNA-seq data were generated from the posterior kidney of brown trout collected at 12 weeks post-exposure to T. bryosalmonae. Subsequently, this data was mapped to the brown trout genome. About 153 significant differently expressed alternatively spliced (DEAS) genes, (delta PSI = 5%, FDR P-value < 0.05) were identified from 19,722 alternatively spliced events. Among the DEAS genes, the least and most abundant alternative splicing types were alternative 5′ splice site (5.23%) and exon skipping (70.59%), respectively. The DEAS genes were significantly enriched for sodium-potassium transporter activity and ion homeostasis (ahcyl1, atp1a3a, atp1a1a.1, and atp1a1a.5). The protein-protein interaction network analysis enriched two local network clusters namely cation transporting ATPase C-terminus and Sodium/potassium ATPase beta chain cluster, and mixed inclusion of Ion homeostasis and EF-hand domain cluster. Furthermore, the human disease-related salmonella infection pathway was significantly enriched in the protein-protein interaction network. Conclusion: This study provides the first baseline information about alternative splicing in brown trout during PKD. The generated data lay a foundation for further functional molecular studies in PKD - brown trout infection model. The information generated from the present study can help to develop therapeutic strategies for PKD in the future.

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Sudhagar, A., El-Matbouli, M., & Kumar, G. (2022). Genome-wide alternative splicing profile in the posterior kidney of brown trout (Salmo trutta) during proliferative kidney disease. BMC Genomics, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-022-08685-4

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