A simplified model to estimate nonlinear turbulent transport by linear dynamics in plasma turbulence

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Abstract

A simplified model to estimate nonlinear turbulent transport only by linear calculations is proposed, where the turbulent heat diffusivity in tokamak ion temperature gradient(ITG) driven turbulence is reproduced for a wide parameter range including near- and far-marginal ITG stability. The optimal nonlinear functional relation(NFR) between the turbulent diffusivity, the turbulence intensity T, and the zonal-flow intensity Z is determined by means of mathematical optimization methods. Then, an extended modeling for T and Z to incorporate the turbulence suppression effects and the temperature gradient dependence is carried out. The simplified transport model is expressed as a modified nonlinear function composed of the linear growth rate and the linear zonal-flow decay time. Good accuracy and wide applicability of the model are demonstrated, where the regression error of ¤âmodel= 0.157 indicates improvement by a factor of about 1/4 in comparison to that in the previous works.

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Nakayama, T., Nakata, M., Honda, M., Narita, E., Nunami, M., & Matsuoka, S. (2023). A simplified model to estimate nonlinear turbulent transport by linear dynamics in plasma turbulence. Scientific Reports, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-29168-w

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