Impact of age on early outcome after coronary bypass graft surgery using minimized versus conventional extracorporeal circulation

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Abstract

Background: Objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of age on comparative early outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with minimized (MECC) and conventional extracorporeal circulation (CECC). Methods: A retrospective age-, gender- and operation-matched cohort analysis between January 2005 and December 2010 with a total of 2274 patients undergoing CABG with MECC (n = 1137; 50%) or CECC was performed. Patients were stratified into 4 groups according to age: <59 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years, and 80 years of age or older. Outcomes were compared within each age group. Patients with preoperative dialysis were excluded from analysis. Primary endpoint was 30-day mortality. Results: Patients treated with CECC had a significantly higher mean logistic EuroSCORE (6.3% vs. 5.0%; p < 0.001), a slightly lower rate of preoperative myocardial infarction (46% vs. 51%; p = 0.01) and a higher rate of impaired renal function (eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2: 24% vs. 20%; p = 0.01) compared to MECC-patients. Left internal mammary artery was significantly used more often in MECC patients (93% vs. 86%; p < 0.001). Cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic-cross clamping time were significantly lower in the MECC group (p < 0.001). Overall 30-day mortality was significantly higher in patients treated with CECC (4.4% vs. 2.2%; p = 0.002). Within the different age groups mortality rates were not significantly different except for patients aged 60-69 years (4.5% vs. 1.8%; p = 0.03). Postoperative requirement of renal replacement therapy (4% vs. 2.2%; p = 0.01), respiratory insufficiency (9.9% vs. 6.6%; P = 0.004) and incidence of low cardiac output syndrome (3% vs. 1.2%; p = 0.003) were significantly increased in patients with CECC. Multivariate analysis identified age (p = 0.005; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.08; OR 1.05) among other parameters as an independent risk factor, whereas conventional extracorporeal circulation itself did not present as an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality. Conclusions: In this matched study sample early outcome was significantly better in patients with MECC compared to CECC, irrespective of age. Prior myocardial infarction estimated GFR < 60 mL and waiving the use of LIMA were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality, which were more present in the CECC group.

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Kolat, P., Ried, M., Haneya, A., Philipp, A., Kobuch, R., Hirt, S., … Diez, C. (2014). Impact of age on early outcome after coronary bypass graft surgery using minimized versus conventional extracorporeal circulation. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-014-0143-3

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