Recombinant Activated Factor VII in Aortic Surgery for Patients Under Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest

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Purpose: We aimed to identify the risk factors of critical bleeding and investigate the safety of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in aortic surgery under hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA). Patients and Methods: The present single-center retrospective study compared the baseline characteristics of 144 patients who underwent aortic surgery under HCA at our institute. Among the total cohort of 144 patients, 42 received rFVIIa (rFVIIa group), while the remaining 102 patients did not (non-rFVIIa group). Perioperative bleeding and transfusions, postoperative 30-day mortality, and adverse events (AEs) were analyzed in 29 propensity score-matched pairs. Results: Before surgery, the rFVIIa group demonstrated a greater number of shocks (p=0.019), higher JapanSCORE II mortality rate (p=0.033), low platelet count (p=0.015) and fibrinogen (p<0.001) level, prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) (p=0.005) and prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR) (p=0.006), and longer aortic cross clamp time (p=0.049). Postoperative bleeding, transfusion, 30-day mortality, and AEs were comparable between the groups both in the entire-unmatched cohort and propensity score matching cohort. Conclusion: Preoperative shock, higher JapanSCORE II mortality rates, low platelet and fibrinogen levels, prolonged aPTT and PT-INR, and longer aortic clamping time might be risk factors for excessive bleeding and indicate the need for rFVIIa treatment. The present study suggests that rFVIIa can be safely used to address critical and continuous bleeding in spite of adequate transfusion and supplementation of other coagulation factors in aortic surgery under HCA, without an increase in 30-day mortality and AEs.




Ise, H., Ushioda, R., Kanda, H., Kimura, F., Saijo, Y., Akhyari, P., … Kamiya, H. (2022). Recombinant Activated Factor VII in Aortic Surgery for Patients Under Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 18, 337–348.

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