Background Pectus excavatum, the most common chest wall deformity in children, accounts for nearly 90% of congenital malformations of chest wall. Initially, both parents and doctors paid more attention to the influence of this deformity on patient appearance and psychology. Following deeper studies of pectus excavatum, researchers found that it also affected cardiac functions. The purpose of this review aims to present recent research progress in the effects of pectus excavatum on cardiac functions. Data sources Based on aspects of CT, ultrasound cardiography (UCG) and MRI, all the recent literatures on the influence of pectus excavatum on cardiac function were searched and reviewed. Results Moderate and severe pectus excavatum did have a negative effect on cardiac function. Cardiac rotation angle, cardiac compression index, right atrial and tricuspid annulus size, septal motion and myocardial strain are relatively effective indexes to evaluate cardiac function. Conclusions Pectus excavatum did have a negative effect on cardiac function; so surgeons should actively diagnose and treat such patients in clinical work. However, further research is needed on to explore the measures and indicators that can reflect the changes of cardiac function in patients objectively, accurately, effectively and timely.
Liu, C., & Wen, Y. (2020, May 30). Research progress in the effects of pectus excavatum on cardiac functions. World Journal of Pediatric Surgery. BMJ Publishing Group. https://doi.org/10.1136/wjps-2020-000142