miR-3940-5p level was lower in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor tissues than that in the matched tumor-adjacent tissues and correlated with clinicopathological features. Cyclin D1 (CCND1), a key driver of malignant transformation in NSCLC, was overexpressed in many cancers, including NSCLC. The ubiquitin specific peptidase-28 (USP28) was also overexpressed in NSCLC and associated with poor prognosis of NSCLC patients. We searched for miR-3940-5p targets by using TargetScan and miRanda online tools and found that CCND1 and USP28 were potential targets of miR-3940-5p. Based on these findings, we speculated that miR-3940-5p might target CCND1 and USP28 to inhibit NSCLC growth. We determined the expression of miR-3940-5p, CCND1, and USP28 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays, respectively, and found downregulation of miR-3940-5p and upregulation of CCND1 and USP28 in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Cell proliferation and apoptosis assays showed that miR-3940-5p suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis in NSCLC cells, and silencing CCND1 and USP28 both recapitulated the effects of miR-3940-5p on NSCLC cells. Furthermore, we verified that CCND1 and USP28 were direct targets of miR-3940-5p and also found that the effects of NSCLC cell proliferation and apoptosis by miR-3940-5p were attenuated by overexpression of CCND1 or USP28. The animal experiments also showed that overexpression of miR-3940-5p inhibited the growth of NSCLC tumors in vivo. These results confirmed our speculation that miR-3940-5p inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in NSCLC cells by targeting CCND1 and USP28. These findings facilitate a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying NSCLC initiation and progression and provide promising diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets for NSCLC.
Ren, K., Li, Y., Lu, H., Li, Z., & Han, X. (2017). MiR-3940-5p functions as a tumor suppressor in non-small cell lung cancer cells by targeting cyclin D1 and ubiquitin specific peptidase-28. Translational Oncology, 10(1), 80–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranon.2016.11.004