Empowering patients with high myopia: The significance of education

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the status of patient education among highly myopic individuals focusing on the presence, sources, content, timing of the education and impact on patients. Methods: Self-reported data were collected through an online 13-item questionnaire consisting of open and multiple-choice questions. The questionnaire was sent to 250 highly myopic members of a patient organization in the Netherlands, of whom 128 (51%) responded. Results: At least one acute event had occurred in 66% (84/128) of participants at the time of the questionnaire. Among all participants, 25% (32/128) had not received patient education regarding alarm symptoms for any of these events. Among those who had been informed, the ophthalmologist was the most frequent (57%, 73/128) source of information. Participants who visited the ophthalmologist annually were more frequently informed than participants without annual visits (53%, 26/49 versus 26%, 9/35, p = 0.002). Those not informed were more likely to have a more than 3 days patient delay (92%, 12/13). Doctors delay was also present; 26% (22/84) of the participants with alarm symptoms had to wait 2 or more days before the first appointment. Long-term consequences of myopia had been discussed with 102 participants (80%, 102/128), again with the ophthalmologist as the most frequent source (59%, 76/128). Perspectives: Many myopic individuals have not been educated about their increased risk of acute events, which can result in patient delay and serious consequences with respect to visual prognosis. These findings underscore the critical importance of integrating patient education across the entire ophthalmic care chain for myopia.

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APA

Ravenstijn, M., Jansen, R. C., du Bois, G., Yzer, S., & Klaver, C. C. W. (2024). Empowering patients with high myopia: The significance of education. Acta Ophthalmologica, 102(3), 357–363. https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.15779

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