The economic growth of an industrialized nation such as the United States requires raw materials for construction (buildings, bridges, highways, and so forth), defense, and processing and manufacture of goods and services. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the types and quantities of raw materials used have increased and changed significantly. This fact sheet quantifies the amounts of raw materials (other than food and fuel) that have been used in the U.S. economy annually for a period of 115 years, from 1900 through 2014. It provides a broad overview of the quantity (weight) of nonfood and nonfuel materials used in the economy and illustrates the use and significance of raw nonfuel minerals in particular as building blocks of society.
Matos, G. R. (2017). Use of Raw Materials in the United States From 1900 Through 2014. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2017–3062, (August), 6. Retrieved from https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2017/3062/fs20173062.pdf