Interpreting omics data with pathway enrichment analysis

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Pathway enrichment analysis is indispensable for interpreting omics datasets and generating hypotheses. However, the foundations of enrichment analysis remain elusive to many biologists. Here, we discuss best practices in interpreting different types of omics data using pathway enrichment analysis and highlight the importance of considering intrinsic features of various types of omics data. We further explain major components that influence the outcomes of a pathway enrichment analysis, including defining background sets and choosing reference annotation databases. To improve reproducibility, we describe how to standardize reporting methodological details in publications. This article aims to serve as a primer for biologists to leverage the wealth of omics resources and motivate bioinformatics tool developers to enhance the power of pathway enrichment analysis.




Zhao, K., & Rhee, S. Y. (2023, April 1). Interpreting omics data with pathway enrichment analysis. Trends in Genetics. Elsevier Ltd.

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