Purpose To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in pediatric keratoconus. Design Prospective non-randomized observational study. Methods 33 eyes of 25 children with keratoconus were included. The corneal epithelium was mechanically removed. Next, riboflavin/hydroxypropyl methylcellulose solution) was applied for 10 min. Accelerated CXL (10 mW/cm2 for 9 min), was accomplished. Visual acuity, slit lamp examination, refraction, keratometry readings, pachymetry, anterior and posterior elevations, average progression indices, and Q values were recorded. The follow-up visits were scheduled on one day, 3 days, 7 days, one month and then on 3, 6, 12 months after the procedure. Results It was statistically significant improvement of the mean UAVA, AVA, and the mean corneal astigmatism (P < .0001). The mean corneal thickness showed a significant reduction. The preoperative mean K max reading was reduced from 49.12 ± 3.7 D preoperatively to 47.9 ± 3.7 D at 12 months. The mean max anterior elevation, average progression index and Q value showed statistically significant improvement. No significant impact on posterior elevation was recorded. Serious complications were not encountered in this study. Conclusion Accelerated CXL shows a stabilization and beneficial clinical outcomes in pediatric keratoconus. It seems an effective and safe procedure in this age group. Effects of accelerated CXL on the posterior corneal surface will need further evaluation.
Badawi, A. E. (2017). Accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking in pediatric keratoconus: One year study. Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology, 31(1), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjopt.2017.01.002