Crystal structure and explosive performance of a new CL-20/caprolactam cocrystal

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Co-crystallization is an effective way to improve performance of the high explosive 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20). A new CL-20/caprolactam (CPL) cocrystal has been prepared by a rapid solvent evaporation method, and the crystal structure investigations show that the cocrystal is formed by strong intermolecular hydrogen bond interaction. The cocrystal can only be prepared with low moisture content of the air, because water in the air has a profound effect on the cocrystal formation, and it can lead to crystal form conversion of CL-20, but not the formation of cocrystal. The CL20/CPL explosive possess very low sensitivity, and may be used as additive in explosives formulation to desensitize other high explosives. © 2013 The authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.




Guo, C., Zhang, H., Wang, X., Xu, J., Liu, Y., Liu, X., … Sun, J. (2013). Crystal structure and explosive performance of a new CL-20/caprolactam cocrystal. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1048, 267–273.

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