Graphene Supported Silver Nanocrystals Preparation for Efficient Oxygen Reduction in Alkaline Fuel Cells

  • Ahmed M
  • Lee D
  • Kim Y
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Abstract

© The Author(s) 2016. The silver nanocrystals (AgNCs) anchored on graphene oxide (GO) catalysts have been synthesized by a facile chemical reduction and nontemplate method using ascorbic acid (AA) as reducing agent and have successfully employed as a cathode catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in direct alkaline fuel cells (DAFCs). The morphological characterizations demonstrate that the AgNCs have crystalline form and grafted onto reduced graphene oxide (AgNCs/rGO-AA). Comparatively better dispersion and higher population of AgNCs have observed on AA treated AgNCs/rGO than NaBH 4 which is known as conventional reducing agent. The electrochemical catalysis in 0.1 M KOH electrolyte has demonstrated that the AgNCs/rGO-AA has an excellent electrocatalytic activity for ORR in alkaline media compared to the other tested electrodes. Particularly, it shows 40% higher mass activity with large specific activity against 20 wt% Pt/C with faster electron transfer rate per O 2 . Moreover, the reaction kinetic parameters have confirmed that the ORR at AgNCs/rGO-AA catalyst not only follows a 4e - process with lowering H 2 O 2 formation but also proceeds on with good stability and fuel selectivity in DAFCs.

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Ahmed, M. S., Lee, D.-W., & Kim, Y.-B. (2016). Graphene Supported Silver Nanocrystals Preparation for Efficient Oxygen Reduction in Alkaline Fuel Cells. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 163(10), F1169–F1176. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0511610jes

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