? 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.The thyroid hormone derivative 3-iodothyronamine (3-T1AM) exerts metabolic effects in vivo that contradict known effects of thyroid hormones. 3-T1AM acts as a trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) agonist and activates Gssignaling in vitro. Interestingly, 3-T1AM-meditated in vivo effects persist in Taar1 knockout-mice indicating that further targets of 3-T1AM might exist. Here, we investigated another member of the TAAR family, the only scarcely studied mouse and human trace-amine-associated receptor 8 (Taar8b, TAAR8). By RT-qPCR and locked-nucleic-acid (LNA) in situ hybridization, Taar8b expression in different mouse tissues was analyzed. Functionally, we characterized TAAR8 and Taar8b with regard to cell surface expression and signaling via different G-protein-mediated pathways. Cell surface expression was verified by ELISA, and cAMP accumulation was quantified by AlphaScreen for detection of Gsand/or Gi/osignaling. Activation of G-proteins Gq/11and G12/13was analyzed by reporter gene assays. Expression analyses revealed at most marginal Taar8b expression and no gender differences for almost all analyzed tissues. In heart, LNA-in situ hybridization demonstrated the absence of Taar8b expression. We could not identify 3-T1AM as a ligand for TAAR8 and Taar8b, but both receptors were characterized by a basal Gi/osignaling activity, a so far unknown signaling pathway for TAARs.
Mühlhaus, J., Dinter, J., Nürnberg, D., Rehders, M., Depke, M., Golchert, J., … Biebermann, H. (2014). Analysis of human TAAR8 and murine taar8b mediated signaling pathways and expression profile. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15(11), 20638–20655. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms151120638