Analysis of pathological defects in methionine metabolism using a simple mathematical model

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Abstract

Derangements in methionine metabolism are a hallmark of cancers and homocystinuria, an inborn error of metabolism. In this study, the metabolic consequences of the pathological changes associated with the key pathway enzymes, methionine adenosyl transferase (MAT), glycine N-methyl transferase (GNMT) and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) as well as an activation of polyamine metabolism, were analyzed using a simple mathematical model describing methionine metabolism in liver. The model predicts that the mere loss of allosteric regulation of CBS by adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) leads to an increase in homocysteine concentration. This is consistent with the experimental data on the corresponding genetic defects, which specifically impair allosteric activation but not basal enzyme activity. Application of the characteristics of transformed hepatocytes to our model, i.e., substitution of the MATI/III isozyme by MATII, loss of GNMT activity and activation of polyamine biosynthesis, leads to the prediction of a significantly different dependence of methionine metabolism on methionine concentrations. The theoretical predictions were found to be in good agreement with experimental data obtained with the human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Prudova, A., Martinov, M. V., Vitvitsky, V. M., Ataullakhanov, F. I., & Banerjee, R. (2005). Analysis of pathological defects in methionine metabolism using a simple mathematical model. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1741(3), 331–338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2005.04.008

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