? 2015, Makerere University, Medical School. All rights reserved.Background: Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease. We investigated the prevalence, characteristics and management of anemia in patients on chronic hemodialysis and assessed the response to blood-transfusion based management in Cameroon. Methods: This was a cohort study of five months? duration (August-December 2008) conducted at the Yaound? General Hospital?s hemodialysis center, involving 95 patients (67 men, 70.5%) on chronic hemodialysis by a native arterio-venous fistula. A monthly evaluation included full blood counts, number of pints of red cell concentrates transfused, and vital status. Results: At baseline, 75 (79%) patients had anemia which was microcytic and hypochromic in 32 (43%). Anemia was corrected in 67 (70.5%) patients using blood transfusion only, while 28 (29.5%) patients were receiving erythropoietin (11 regularly, 39%). Only 77.2% of 342 pints (median 3.0, range 0-17 per patients) of red cell concentrates prescribed were effectively received during the follow-up at an unacceptably high cost to patients and families. Mean hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin levels remained stable during follow-up, while mean corpuscular volume increased. Erythropoietin treatment was the main determinant of favorable trajectories of hematological markers. Conclusions: Patients on chronic hemodialysis have predominantly microcytic hypochromic anemia, with limited capacity for correction using blood transfusion.
Kaze, F. F., Kengne, A. P., Mambap, A. T., Halle, M. P., Mbanya, D., & Ashuntantang, G. (2015). Anemia in patients on chronic hemodialysis in cameroon: Prevalence, characteristics and management in low resources setting. African Health Sciences, 15(1), 253–260. https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v15i1.33