Antigen-specific priming is dispensable in depletion of apoptosis-sensitive T cells for GvHD prophylaxis

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Abstract

Prophylactic approaches to graft versus host disease (GvHD) have employed both phenotypic reduction of T cells and selective elimination of host-primed donor T cells in vitro and in vivo. An additional approach to GvHD prophylaxis by functional depletion of apoptosis-sensitive donor T cells without host-specific sensitization ex vivo showed remarkable reduction in GHD incidence and severity. We address the role and significance of antigen-specific sensitization of donor T cells and discuss the mechanisms of functional T cell purging by apoptosis for GvHD prevention. Host-specific sensitization is dispensable because migration is antigen-independent and donor T cell sensitization is mediated by multiple and redundant mechanisms of presentation of major and minor histocompatibility complex and tissue antigens by donor and host antigen-presenting cells. Our data suggest that potential murine and human GvH effectors reside within subsets of preactivated T cells susceptible to negative regulation by apoptosis prior to encounter of and sensitization to specific antigens.

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Yarkoni, S., Stein, J., Yaniv, I., & Askenasy, N. (2014). Antigen-specific priming is dispensable in depletion of apoptosis-sensitive T cells for GvHD prophylaxis. Frontiers in Immunology, 5(MAY), 1–1. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2014.00215

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