This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of Impatiens noli-tangere L., Balsaminaceae, and of Stachys officinalis L., Lamiaceae, polyphenolic-rich extracts obtained by nanofiltration process. Results showed the great potential and efficiency of the nanofiltration process to concentrate the herbal extract’s main polyphenolic compounds (over 91% phenolic acids and flavonoids retention). S. officinalis polyphenolic-rich extracts had high antioxidant activities (IC50 2.5 μg/ml) compared to I. noli-tangere polyphenolic-rich extracts (IC50 19.3 μg/ml) and similar with that of ascorbic acid. Polyphenolic-rich extracts were investigated to determine the pro-inflammatory enzymes lipoxygenase, cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 and their inhibitory activity. Furthermore, high inhibitory activity of the examined extracts was reported for the first time, for both lipoxygenase (IC50 2.46 and 1.22 μg/ml for I. noli-tangere and S. officinalis polyphenolic-rich extracts, respectively), cyclooxygenase-1 (IC50 18.4 and 10.1 μg/ml for I. noli-tangere and S. officinalis polyphenolic-rich extracts, respectively) and cyclooxygenase-2 (IC50 = 1.9 and 1.2 mg/ml for I. noli-tangere and S. officinalis polyphenolic-rich extracts, respectively). Additionally, the in vivo studies showed that S. officinalis polyphenolic-rich extract has a higher anti-inflammatory effect, the hind-paw volume employed for both models determined that I. noli-tangere polyphenolic-rich extract and is also higher than that of diclofenac. It was noticed that their anti-inflammatory effect persists for more than 24 h. The I. noli-tangere and S. officinalis polyphenolic-rich extracts exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities and these properties can be at least partly assigned to the presence of ursolic acid, caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, quercetin and also anthocyanidins (genistin). The obtained results indicate the anti-inflammatory potential of the studied herbal extracts.
Paun, G., Neagu, E., Moroeanu, V., Albu, C., Ursu, T. M., Zanfirescu, A., … Radu, G. L. (2018). Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the Impatiens noli-tangere and Stachys officinalis polyphenolic-rich extracts. Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy, 28(1), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2017.10.008