This paper is concerned with the investigation of the performance of different turbulence models in the numerical prediction of transient flow caused by a confined submerged jet. Several widely used models, i.e., the standard k-ε, RNG k-ε, low Reynolds number k-ε models and the differential Reynolds stress model, as included in CFD codes, were compared with each other for a two-dimensional, incompressible, turbulent jet flow and with reported experimental data. A flapping oscillation was predicted regardless of the model used. A chosen Strouhal (St) number definition brought the fundamental frequencies from both the experiments and computations into close proximity. However, different turbulence models have exhibited quite different behaviours in terms of the frequency and regularity of the oscillation and in terms of the scale and duration of the vortices generated. All versions of the k-ε model yielded regular oscillations, which agree with experimental observations. On the other hand, the Reynolds stress (RS) model produced a complex pattern but a slower dissipation of vortices. In addition, some aspects of gridding and inflow representation are also discussed. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Guo, B., Langrish, T. A. G., & Fletcher, D. F. (2001). An assessment of turbulence models applied to the simulation of a two-dimensional submerged jet. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 25(8), 635–653. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0307-904X(00)00068-8