Background: The cytotoxic action of leukocytes is known to be a probable cause of the cardiac myocyte damage seen in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) contributes to enhanced leukocyte recruitment and activation resulting in chronic damage of cardiomyocytes. MCP-1 has been reported to be dynamically regulated in IDC and may contribute to the deterioration of left ventricular function. In addition, a polymorphism at -2518 (G/A) in the MCP-1 gene affects the level of MCP-1 expression in response to an inflammatory stimulus. Methods and results: We genotyped the polymorphism at -2518 G/A in the MCP-1 gene in 73 Japanese patients with nonfamilial IDC and 349 healthy controls. The distribution of the MCP-1 genotypes in the IDC patients differed significantly from the controls (p = 0.016). In a dominant G allele model, there was a significant difference in the distribution of genotypes between the two groups (p < 0.01). The odds ratio for nonfamilial IDC associated with the GG vs. non-GG genotype was 10.4 (95% CI = 1.7-64.5) after adjustment for the confounding factors. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the G allele at -2518 in the MCP-1 gene may be a novel genetic marker of susceptibility to nonfamilial IDC. © 2009 Japanese College of Cardiology.
Ogimoto, A., Okayama, H., Nagai, T., Ohtsuka, T., Suzuki, J., Inoue, K., … Higaki, J. (2009). Association of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 gene polymorphism with susceptibility to nonfamilial idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiology, 54(1), 66–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2009.04.001