Sesame and flaxseed oil: Nutritional quality and effects on serum lipids and glucose in rats

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Abstract

This study evaluated the nutritional value of sesame and flaxseed oils and their effects on the lipid and glucose profile of rats fed diets containing different fat combinations. Fatty acid composition, refractive index, and iodine and saponification values were analyzed to characterize the oils. In the biological assay, Wistar rats were fed different diets, whose fat composition consisted of varying combinations of flaxseed oil, sesame oil, and animal fat. The primary constituents of the sesame oil were oleic (28.6%), linoleic (28.4%), and lauric acid (14.6%); for the flaxseed oil they were alpha-linolenic (39.90%), oleic (17.97%) and linoleic acid (12.25%). The iodine and saponification values of the oils were within the reference range. Rats fed flaxseed oil-based diets had the lowest serum cholesterol values, whereas rats fed diets with flaxseed oil+sesame oil+animal fat had the highest glucose levels. HDL levels decreased significantly with flaxseed oil. Sesame and flaxseed oils are sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and the flaxseed oil-based diet had a hypocholesterolemic effect, whereas sesame oil showed oxidative stability since it contains high levels of monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids.

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Guimarães, R. de C. A., Macedo, M. L. R., Munhoz, C. L., Filiu, W., Viana, L. H., Nozaki, V. T., & Hiane, P. A. (2013). Sesame and flaxseed oil: Nutritional quality and effects on serum lipids and glucose in rats. Food Science and Technology, 33(1), 209–217. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612013005000029

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