Laccase production by Pleurotus ostreatus and its application in synthesis of gold nanoparticles

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Abstract

In this work, the production of fungal laccasewas optimized from local isolate of Pleurotus ostreatus using solid state fermentation. Factorial design was used to study the effect of several nutrients on enzyme production. Purification and characterization of the enzyme and the effect of temperature, pH and gamma radiation on fungal growth and enzyme production was investigated. Optimization of production conditions yielded an enzyme with activity over 32,450 IU/g of fermented substrate. Factorial design was capable of establishing the conditions that multiplied the activity of the enzyme several folds, consequently, reducing the cost of production. The enzyme was capable of decolorizing several dyes with over 80% reduction in color confirming the aromatic degrading capability of laccase. The enzyme was also used in the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, proving that laccase from Pleurotus ostreatus has a strong potential in several industrial applications.

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El-Batal, A. I., Elkenawy, N. M., Yassin, A. S., & Amin, M. A. (2015). Laccase production by Pleurotus ostreatus and its application in synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Biotechnology Reports, 5(1), 31–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.btre.2014.11.001

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