Reliability of Recent Global Digital Elevation Models for Geomatics Applications in Egypt and Saudi Arabia

  • Dawod G
  • Al-Ghamdi K
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Abstract

Global Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) have been utilized in various geomat-ics activities worldwide. Recently, there exist several available DEMs vary sig-nificantly in terms of spatial resolution and release dates. This paper examines the reliability of eight recent global DEMs, namely the EarthEnv-D90, SRTM 1, SRTM 3, ASTER, GMTED2010, GLOBE, GTOPO30, and AW3D30, in two study areas in Egypt and Saudi Arabia representing different topography pat-terns. Known ground control points with measured accurate coordinates and precise elevations have been utilized in evaluating the performance of those DEMs. It has been concluded that such a judgment procedure should not be carried based on a single statistical measure. First, five statistical measures, specifically the range, standard deviation, correlation, kurtosis, and skewness, have been evaluated separately for each DEM's errors. Then, a new reliability index is introduced based on the weighted average concept. The accomplished results show that global DEMs perform differently in different topography pat-terns. It has been concluded that the EarthEnv-D90 and SRTM1 models attain high reliability indexes in the Nile delta region that represents a flat topogra-phy, while the GMTED2010 and EarthEnv-DEM90 models came in the first places for the second study area, Makkah, which represents mountainous to-pography.

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Dawod, G., & Al-Ghamdi, K. (2017). Reliability of Recent Global Digital Elevation Models for Geomatics Applications in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Journal of Geographic Information System, 09(06), 685–698. https://doi.org/10.4236/jgis.2017.96043

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