The Incidence and Risk of Biochemical Recurrence Following Radical Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer in Men on Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

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Abstract

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are anti-hypertensive medication and have been linked to prostate cancer, but their effect on biochemical recurrence (BR) remains unexplored. The aims of the study were to evaluate the incidence and risk of BR in men receiving ACEIs/ARBs after radical radiotherapy with adjuvant∖neoadjuvant hormone treatment. The administration of ACEIs/ARBs were associated with a reduced risk of BR. Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are linked to prostate cancer, but their effect on biochemical recurrence (BR) remains unknown. Our aims were to investigate the incidence and risk of BR in men on ACEIs/ARBs after radical radiotherapy with adjuvant∖neoadjuvant hormone treatment. Material and Methods A propensity score analysis of 558 men was conducted. Men were stratified into 3 groups: hypertensive men on ACEIs/ARBs (as a study group), non-hypertensive men not on ACEIs/ARBs, and hypertensive men not on ACEIs/ARBs (both as a control group). The multivariate analysis of variance, chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, analysis of variance, risk ratio, confidence interval, Kaplan-Meier plots, and log-rank tests were used. Results The mean age and follow-up were 68.51 and 3.33 years, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of BR among the treatment groups (P

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Alashkham, A., Paterson, C., Windsor, P., Struthers, A., Rauchhaus, P., & Nabi, G. (2016). The Incidence and Risk of Biochemical Recurrence Following Radical Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer in Men on Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs). Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, 14(5), 398–405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2016.03.009

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