Gastrointestinal disease in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is caused by defective chloride and bicarbonate transport in intestinal cells leading to reduced intraluminal fluidity, increased mucous viscosity and consequently development of intestinal inflammation, dysbiosis and often times dysmotility. This triad is also referred to as the “CF gut”. A diagnosis is mainly based on clinical observation and treatment is often times decided empirically. This review of the literature should provide CF caregivers with some tools to identify intestinal inflammation, dysbiosis and dysmotility as possible cause for their patient's gastrointestinal complaints and provide an overview of our current approach to its management.
Dorsey, J., & Gonska, T. (2017). Bacterial overgrowth, dysbiosis, inflammation, and dysmotility in the Cystic Fibrosis intestine. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 16, S14–S23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2017.07.014