Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of autogenic training on stress responses through a systematic review and me-ta-analysis. Methods: A systematic search was conducted using eight core electronic databases (Embase, CENTRAL, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, DBpia, KISS, and RISS). To estimate the effect size, a meta-analysis of the studies was performed using RevMan 5.3.5 program. Results: A total 21 studies out of 950 studies were included in the review, and 11 were included for meta-analysis. These studies showed that autogenic training decreased anxiety and depression, and increased the high frequency of heart rate variability. Calculations to understand the effect of autogenic training on anxiety, through a meta-analysis, observed a reduction effect of anxiety score by 1.37 points (n=85, SMD=-1.37: 95% CI-2.07 to-0.67), in the studies on short-term intervention targeting healthy adults. On the other hand, similar calculations to understand the effect of au-togenic training on depression observed, a reduction effect on the depression score by 0.29 point (n=327, SMD=-0.29: 95% CI-0.50 to-0.07), in the studies on long term intervention targeting the patient group. Conclusion: Autogenic training is effective for adults’ stress management, and nurses will be able to effectively perform autogenic training programs for workers’ stress relief at the workplace.
Seo, E., & Kim, S. (2019). Effect of autogenic training for stress response: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. Korean Society of Nursing Science. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2019.49.4.361