Because survivin-null embryos die at an early embryonic stage, the role of survivin in thymocyte development is unknown. We have investigated the role by deleting the survivin gene only in the T lineage and show here that loss of survivin blocks the transition from CD4- CD8- double negative (DN) thymocytes to CD4+ CD8+ double positive cells. Although the pre-T cell receptor signaling pathway is intact in survivin-deficient thymocytes, the cells cannot respond to its signals. In response to proliferative stimuli, cycling survivin-deficient DN cells exhibit cell cycle arrest, a spindle formation defect, and increased cell death. Strikingly, loss of survivin activates the tumor suppressor p53. However, the developmental defects caused by survivin deficiency cannot be rescued by p53 inactivation or introduction of Bcl-2. These lines of evidence indicate that developing thymocytes depend on the cytoprotective function of survivin and that this function is tightly coupled to cell proliferation but independent of p53 and Bcl-2. Thus, survivin plays a critical role in early thymocyte development.
Okada, H., Bakal, C., Shahinian, A., Elia, A., Wakeham, A., Suh, W. K., … Mak, T. W. (2004). Survivin Loss in Thymocytes Triggers p53-mediated Growth Arrest and p53-independent Cell Death. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 199(3), 399–410. https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20032092