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Meta-analysis identifies the effect of dietary multi-enzyme supplementation on gut health of pigs

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Abstract

Gut health though is not well defined the role of gastrointestinal tract is vital if an animal must perform well. Apart from digestion, secretion, and absorption gut is harbored with consortium of microbiota which plays a key role in one’s health. Enzymes, one of the alternatives for antibiotics with beneficial effects on digestion and consistency of food and its effect on gut health. The effect of enzyme supplementation on gut health is not well established and the objective of this meta-analysis is to investigate if the enzyme supplement has influence on gut. This meta-analysis includes 1221 experiments which has single enzyme studies and or studies with multiple enzyme complexes but not challenged. The ratio of Lactobacillus and E. coli is related to ADFI which showed comparatively lower negative correlation coefficient, with − 0.052 and − 0.035, respectively, whose I2 values are below 25%, showing that these studies show a significantly lower level of heterogeneity. Correlation between villus height, crypt depth, their ratio and fatty acid is also assessed, and it showed that when the animal is supplemented with two enzyme complexes resulted in positive gut health rather than the single or more than two enzymes.

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Ramani, S., Recharla, N., Hwang, O., Jeong, J., & Park, S. (2021). Meta-analysis identifies the effect of dietary multi-enzyme supplementation on gut health of pigs. Scientific Reports, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-86648-7

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