Effect of oral propranolol on periocular Capillary Hemangiomas of Infancy

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Abstract

Background: To assess the safety and efficacy of oral propranolol in the management of periocular Capillary Hemangiomas of Infancy (CHI). Methods: Medical records of 21 infants diagnosed with periocular capillary hemangioma during a period of 5 years from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The data collected included demographic details, clinical features and details of imaging studies and response to the therapy. All patients received oral propranolol under the supervision of a pediatrician. The initial dose was 0.2–1 mg/kg body weight, which was increased to 2 mg/kg body weight (3 divided doses) in 48 h if there was no adverse reaction to the initial dose. The response to the treatment was assessed clinically as well as by radiographic imaging. Photographic documentation was done periodically. Results: Out of 21 patients, 18 were females and remaining three were males. The median age at the time of presentation was 4 months. The most common presenting feature was lid mass (n = 17, 80%) followed by proptosis (n = 7, 33%). Reddish discoloration of face was seen in 2 (1%) patients. All patients showed reduction in the size of the lesion. None of the patients included in this study had any adverse reaction to propranolol or recurrence following cessation of the therapy. Conclusion: Oral propranolol is highly effective and safe in the treatment of periocular capillary hemangiomas in infants.

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Koka, K., Mukherjee, B., & Agarkar, S. (2018). Effect of oral propranolol on periocular Capillary Hemangiomas of Infancy. Pediatrics and Neonatology, 59(4), 390–396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedneo.2017.11.021

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