Upregulation of miR-126-3p promotes human saphenous vein endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and prevents vein graft neointimal formation ex vivo and in vivo

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Abstract

Poor long-term patency of vein grafts remains an obstacle in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery using an autologous saphenous vein graft. Recent studies have revealed that miR-126-3p promotes vascular integrity and angiogenesis. We aimed to identify the role of miR-126-3p in the setting of vein graft disease and investigate the value of miR-126-3p agomir as a future gene therapy in vein graft failure. Expression analysis of circulating miR-126-3p in plasma from CABG patients established the basic clues that miR-126-3p participates in CABG. The in vitro results indicated that elevated miR-126-3p expression significantly improved proliferation and migration in human saphenous vein endothelial cells (HSVECs) by targeting sprouty-related protein-1 (SPRED-1) and phosphatidylinositol- 3-kinase regulatory subunit 2 (PIK3R2), but not in human saphenous vein smooth muscle cells (HSVSMCs). Moreover, the therapeutic potential of miR-126-3p agomir was demonstrated in cultured human saphenous vein (HSV) ex vivo. Finally, local delivery of miR-126-3p agomir was confirmed to enhance reendothelialization and attenuate neointimal formation in a rat vein arterialization model. In conclusion, we provide evidence that upregulation of miR-126-3p by agomir possesses potential clinical value in the prevention and treatment of autologous vein graft restenosis in CABG.

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Qu, Q., Bing, W., Meng, X., Xi, J., Bai, X., Liu, Q., … Bi, Y. (2017). Upregulation of miR-126-3p promotes human saphenous vein endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and prevents vein graft neointimal formation ex vivo and in vivo. Oncotarget, 8(63), 106790–106806. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.22365

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