Shared and distinct abnormalities in sleep-wake patterns and their relationship with the negative symptoms of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder patients

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Abstract

Sleep and rest-activity-rhythm (RAR) abnormalities are commonly reported in schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) patients. However, an in-depth characterization of sleep/RAR alterations in SSD, including patients in different treatment settings, and the relationship between these alterations and SSD clinical features (e.g., negative symptoms) is lacking. SSD (N = 137 altogether, N = 79 residential and N = 58 outpatients) and healthy control (HC) subjects (N = 113) were recruited for the DiAPAson project. Participants wore an ActiGraph for seven consecutive days to monitor habitual sleep-RAR patterns. Sleep/rest duration, activity (i.e., M10, calculated on the 10 most active hours), rhythm fragmentation within days (i.e., intra-daily variability, IV; beta, steepness of rest-active changes), and rhythm regularity across days (i.e., inter-daily stability, IS) were computed in each study participant. Negative symptoms were assessed in SSD patients with the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS). Both SSD groups showed lower M10 and longer sleep/rest duration vs. HC, while only residential patients had more fragmented and irregular rhythms than HC. Compared to outpatients, residential patients had lower M10 and higher beta, IV and IS. Furthermore, residential patients had worse BNSS scores relative to outpatients, and higher IS contributed to between-group differences in BNSS score severity. Altogether, residentials and outpatients SSD had both shared and unique abnormalities in Sleep/RAR measures vs. HC and relative to one another, which also contributed to the patients’ negative symptom severity. Future work will help establish whether improving some of these measures may ameliorate the quality of life and clinical symptoms of SSD patients.

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APA

Mayeli, A., LaGoy, A. D., Smagula, S. F., Wilson, J. D., Zarbo, C., Rocchetti, M., … Ferrarelli, F. (2023). Shared and distinct abnormalities in sleep-wake patterns and their relationship with the negative symptoms of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder patients. Molecular Psychiatry, 28(5), 2049–2057. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-023-02050-x

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