Fate of the preserved aortic root after treatment of acute type A aortic dissection: 23-year follow-up

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the fate of the native aortic root after replacement of the ascending aorta to treat acute type A aortic dissection. Methods: Between June 1985 and January 2010, 319 consecutive patients (mean age, 63 ± 11 years) with acute type A aortic dissection underwent replacement of the ascending aorta with preservation of the aortic root. The aortic valve was also replaced in 21 of these patients (7%). The intervention was extended to the aortic arch in 210 patients (66%), of whom 173 (54%) underwent hemiarch replacement, and 37 (12%), total arch replacement. Results: There were 109 (34%) in-hospital deaths. Of the 210 discharged patients, survival was 95%, 58%, and 27% at 1, 10, and 23 years, respectively. Freedom from reoperation on the proximal aorta was reported by 97%, 92%, and 82% patients at 5, 10, and 23 years, respectively. Twelve patients were reoperated for aortic root dilatation and 2 died during reoperation. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that significant risk factors for proximal reoperation were age <60 years (P =.005; relative risk, 1.94) and Marfan syndrome (P =.011; relative risk, 2.76). At follow-up, 15 patients (11%) had an aortic root diameter of >45 mm, but they were not reoperated. Conclusions: For acute type A aortic dissection, replacement of the ascending aorta with root preservation shows long-term effectiveness with low reoperation and aortic root dilatation rates. Copyright © 2013 by The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.

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Dell’Aquila, A. M., Concistrè, G., Gallo, A., Pansini, S., Piccardo, A., Passerone, G., & Regesta, T. (2013). Fate of the preserved aortic root after treatment of acute type A aortic dissection: 23-year follow-up. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 146(6), 1456–1460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.09.049

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