Antioxidative enzymes, alkaline phosphatases and Hsp70 expression in larvae of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) from unpolluted and polluted forests after chronic cadmium treatment

2Citations
Citations of this article
5Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
Get full text

Abstract

Long-term exposure of populations to pollution may result in enhanced ability to cope with environmental stress. To compare the responses of two Lymantria dispar populations living in unpolluted and polluted forests (UP and PP, respectively), we chronically exposed larvae to cadmium at concentrations of 50 and 100 μg Cd/g dry food (Cd1 and Cd2, respectively). We examined cadmium accumulation in the midgut and hemolymph, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and alkaline phosphatases (ALP) in the midgut, as well as Hsp70 protein expression in the midgut, hemolymph, and brain and evaluated these parameters as biomarkers of cadmium contamination. Larvae from PP, fed a control diet, showed higher activity of SOD and increased Hsp70 expression compared with larvae from UP. Excessive amounts of Cd were accumulated in the midgut of all Cd-fed larvae, whereas Cd content in the hemolymph was elevated only in larvae from PP after Cd2 treatment. In larvae from UP, Cd2 treatment decreased the activity of CAT and induced the expression of Hsp70 in the midgut and hemolymph. In larvae from PP, exposure to both Cd concentrations strongly attenuated SOD and CAT activities, while Hsp70 expression was not induced in any organ/tissue. Cd did not affect ALP activity in either population. Midgut Cd content proved to be a suitable indicator of Cd contamination for both polluted and unpolluted habitats.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Matić, D., Vlahović, M., Grčić, A., Filipović, A., Ilijin, L., Mrdaković, M., … Perić-Mataruga, V. (2023). Antioxidative enzymes, alkaline phosphatases and Hsp70 expression in larvae of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) from unpolluted and polluted forests after chronic cadmium treatment. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - C: Toxicology and Pharmacology, 273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2023.109721

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free