Breast conservation therapy has been the cornerstone of the surgical treatment of breast cancer for the last 20 years; however, recently, the use of mastectomy has been increasing. Mastectomy is one of the most frequently performed breast operations, and with novel surgical techniques, preservation of the skin envelope and/or the nipple-areolar complex is commonly performed. The goal of this paper is to review the literature on skin-sparing mastectomy and nipple-sparing mastectomy and to evaluate the oncologic safety of these techniques. In addition, this paper will discuss the oncologic importance of margin status and type of mastectomy as it pertains to risk of local recurrence and relative need for adjuvant therapy. © 2012 Christopher Tokin et al.
Tokin, C., Weiss, A., Wang-Rodriguez, J., & Blair, S. L. (2012). Oncologic safety of skin-sparing and nipple-sparing mastectomy: A discussion and review of the literature. International Journal of Surgical Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/921821