Neck circumference as a complementary measure to identify excess body weight in children aged 13-24 months

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Abstract

Objectives: to analyze the accuracy of neck circumference (NC) as a measure for assessing excess body weight in children aged 13-24 months of life, according to gender. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study comparing the neck circumferences in relation to body mass index (BMI) and other anthropometric measures. The best cut-off point for identifying excess body weight was determined using the Receiver Operating Characteristics curve (ROC curve), according to gender and age groups 13-15 months, 16-19 months and 20-24 months. Results: NC was positively correlated (p<0.001) with body weight and BMI in both genders, and length in girls (p<0.001). Positive correlations were found between NC and BMI in the three age groups (13-15, 16-19 and 20-24 months) in both boys and girls. The NC cut-off points for boys were 23.6, 23.9 and 24.0 cm, and 23.4, 23.5 and 23.6 cm for girls, for the 13- 15, 16-19 and 20-24 age groups respectively. Conclusions: NC can be used to screen for excess body weight in children aged 13-24 months. However, further studies with a larger sample will be required in order to complement these results.

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APA

dos Santos, D., Contarato, A. A. P. F., Kroll, C., Bertoli, M., Czarnobay, S. A., Figueirêdo, K. B. W., … Mastroeni, M. F. (2015). Neck circumference as a complementary measure to identify excess body weight in children aged 13-24 months. Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil, 15(3), 301–307. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-38292015000300005

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